LUCKNOW || Uttar Pradesh (UP) has the highest absolute number of rural and urban female main workers at 136 lakhs and about 24 lakhs respectively, noted a just-concluded study conducted by ASSOCHAM-TARI.
The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) along with knowledge firm Thought Arbitrage Research Institute (TARI) conducted a study titled ‘Female Labour Force Participation in India,’ analysing India’s performance in female labour force participation (FLFP) in comparison with the rest of the world and identifying factors that determine FLFP in India along with barriers to its growth.
It presents a state-wise analysis of FLFP in four states viz., Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh (UP) in India selected on a non-arbitrary criteria with a special focus on UP as it is India’s most populous state with enormous potential to improve current national trends in FLFP.
Highlighting the trends of FLFP across India, the study pointed out that though there was a spurt in the number of working women in India during 2000-2005, increasing from 34 per cent to 37 per cent, the FLFP rate declined continuously thereafter and reached 27 per cent in 2014.
The gap between rural male and female labour force participation in India in 2011 stood at about 30 per cent while in urban centres gap was more pronounced (about 40 per cent). This can be attributed to social and cultural curtailment and often the lack of work opportunities.